One question people often ask is what is the difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s ?. They’ve heard the word dementia and the further word enzyme was what they wonder is what is the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s are the two names of the same disease are the two different diseases or are there names of different stages of the same disease. Some people think that there is a continuum of one disease with the initial part being called dementia and the later part the severe part being called enzyme ‘as none of these is correct what is dementia dementia is not the name of any specific disease.
It is a general term for a group of symptoms these symptoms include memory loss being confused about time and space. The date the space with city which house using incorrect words not being able to think of the right words not being able to learn new things. Making wrong decisions withdrawing getting agitated getting deluded and hallucinating facing sleeplessness. All of these are symptoms related to damage of the brain and when these are severe enough to affect the activities of daily life normal life . Then doctors give a diagnosis of dementia but the word dementia is a group of symptoms. It does not tell us why these symptoms occur what is the cause the cause could be any of a number of diseases such as enzymes disease which is the most common cause Lewy body dementia vascular dementia frontotemporal dementia.
There are many other causes also for examples many people with Parkinson’s develop the symptoms of dementia towards the latest a person could also be suffering from more than one conditions that create the symptoms of dementia. For example a person may be suffering from vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease in which case we call it mixed dementia. So these are the diseases and all of them create the symptoms called dementia.
To look at the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s let’s consider a person who has enzyme as disease so this person has Alzheimer’s disease and this person has dementia but consider a person who has say Lewy body dementia not enzyme as disease. For this person we will say this person has Lewy body dementia and dementia but we cannot say that this person has Alzheimer’s disease. This person has dementia because this person has Lewy body dementia this person does not have Alzheimer’s a simple way to remember the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s is to think of fever which we all know is a symptom and which has several causes that is there are several diseases that can create the symptoms of fever.
This is like malaria flu typhoid urinary tract infection and so many other diseases the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s is of the same type according to the dementia India report of 2010. Most cases of dementia in India are caused by enzymes disease but there are several other diseases that can create the symptoms of dementia such as vascular dementia. Lewy body dementia frontotemporal dementia and we can see that vascular dementia accounts for twenty to thirty percent of the cases. One reason we get confused between the worst dementia and alzheimerís and their relationship is because the various media use these words interchangeably sometimes they use dementia sometimes they use as Imus and the difference is not clear at times. They use the word wrongly also but if we remember this relationship between diseases and cause we will not get confused coming back to our original question about dementia and Simas and the relationship between them.
We can see that these are not two names of the same disease or two different diseases nor are their names of different stages of the same disease dementia is a general term for a group of symptoms and Al’s Imus is a disease that causes these symptoms the most common